Ro (language)

The Ro Language is the language of the Ro Empire. It follows the same syntax and grammer conventions as english with a much more constructed word style.

The Alphabet

Ro adopts as its alphabet the 26 letters a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z, in the order here given, and without accents or diacritical marks. This is the Latin alphabet, with 'w' added.

Of these letters, a e i o and u are vowels; the others, consonants.

The vowels are pronounced as in Italian or German, or in the English words far, they, pique, no, truth. They may be either long or short, but each vowel should make a distinct syllable, and they should never be mixed as in diphthongs or triphthongs.

The letters b, d, f, g (hard as in get, go,) h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s (sharp, as in see,) t, v, w, y and z, are pronounced as in English.

C is a simple sound as English sh, French ch, or German sch. Ch as in English 'church' is a double sound, and not used in Ro.

Dh is a single sound as in English 'the' but is very infrequent in Ro.

J is pronounced as in French, as 'z' in 'azure.' English 'J' is a double sound.

Q is like 'ng' in 'ringing.' It is a single sound.

X in English is 'ks' or 'gz.' Ro permits this sound for X, but prefers the Greek X, German CH or Celtic GH.

English 'long I' as 'Y' in 'MY' is 'AY' in Ro.

Ro uses 'th' as in English 'thick' but very seldom.

Accent

There is no rule of accent in Ro words other than the natural one of emphasizing the distinctive syllable. Thus: 'Ag wela RADac ur RAFac?' = 'Is it a boy or a girl?' 'Is he a boy or a man?' = 'Ad wela radAC ur radAL?'

Case

In Ro the designation of case follows the example set by English. The Subject or Nominative case is indicated by its position before the verb, and the Accusative or Objective case by its position after the verb. The Possessive or Genitive case is denoted by an 'e' following the noun or pronoun, with or without an apostrophe preceding it as in the 's of the English possessive. Thus: Abe radap'e radat'e rukab. 'My father's brother's book.'

Number

The Plural number is denoted by the final Z. This is taken from the English plural sign S which is usually pronounced like Z.

Ro word structure

Ro uses five vowels as initials, A to denote Pronouns, E for verb inflections, Tense, Mood, etc., I and O for Prepositions, opposite to each other in meaning, and U for Conjunctions. This gives 100 two-letter syllables, Vowel and Consonant, for the frequent Particles of speech that occur in almost every sentence.

The other Parts of Speech, Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs, that compose the bulk of every Dictionary, Ro indicates by the final vowel of each word. The first vowel in Ro words belongs to the stem, and is unchangeable. The last vowel A indicates Concrete Nouns; if E, Verb; if I, Adverb; if O, Adjective; if U, Abstract Noun.

 categories                        examples

  ----------                        --------

a   (pronouns)                   ab - I

ba  thing                        babnac - oxygen

be  forms of matter              becaf - foam

bi  sky, weather                 bidlab - whirlwind

bo  "sense-affecting matter"     bocet - flash

bu  geographical words           Budval - United States

ca  quantity                     cafab - amount

ce  part                         cebac - piece

ci  comparative quantity         cifod - huge

co  conjunctive quantity         codef - attach

cu  whole                        cudi - totally

da  place                        dabag - position

de  space                        debab - line

di  clothing                     dirab - skirt

do  furnishings                  dodab - bed

du  building                     dubal - house

e   (verbs)                      eba - to be

fa  form                         facaq - structure

fe  aesthetics                   fepkac - baseball

fi  desireable things            fibac - reward

fo  "words of logic"             focap - disputation

fu  "words of geometry"          fudad - triangle

ga  quality                      gabak - nature

ge  measurement                  gebrac - inch

gi  (length, expansion)          gibel - elongate

go  "opposite gi"                godod - little

gu  "opposite ci"                guboc - unequal

ha  having                       hab - to have

he  getting                      hec - acquire

hi  want possession of           hiv - to covet

ho  transfer property            hob - give

hu  lose possession of           hum - discard

i   (prepositions)               in - in

ja  relation                     jabefu - reference

je  beginning                    jeb - begin

ji  middle                       jifob - central

jo  end                          jobed - conclude

ju  of orderliness               jubuf - uniformity

ka  "verbs of force"             kaf - throw

ke  locomotion                   kecev - walk

ki  "k plus i- prepositions"     kidjeb - approach

ko  "opposite ki"                kobec - retreat

ku  change                       kubed - alter

la  positive                     labic - actually

le  vegetable anatomy            lecag - rhizome

li  life                         libo - alive

lo  "opposite li"                lobod - dead

lu  plant names                  lugacan - watermelon

ma  "opposite to la"             mabob - unreal

me  animal anatomy               mebac - body

mi  voice, cry                   mibex - quack

mo  expressive act               mokef - complain

mu  animal kingdom               mugsaf - moth

n   (negative, opposite)         nau - nothingness

o   "opposite to i"              obo - backward

pa  instrument, tool             paltaf - scissors

pe  receptacles                  pefal - bottle

pi  vehicles                     pibwad - wheelbarrow

po  food                         pojag - gravy

pu  waste matter                 pucag - garbage

ra  person                       radac - boy

re  "get ideas"                  rebec - think

ri  retain ideas                 ribec - remember

ro  tell, say                    rofad - vowel

ru  writing, print               rucag - document

sa  "feelings in general"        sabap - mood

se  personal feelings            sedab - contentment

si  mutual feelings              sibra - friend

so  moral, ethical, legal        soled - deserve

su  superhuman                   Suva - God

ta  time                         tam - season

te  duration                     telob - sudden

ti  point of time                tim - next

to  slow time, rest, stop        tokeb - cease

tu  brief time                   tubot - temporary

u   (conjunctions)               ud - and, ur - or, ut - that

va  volition, the will           vadis - willingly

ve  prospective volition         veber - plan

vi  "the will at work"           videl - control

vo  collective will              vobza - democracy

vu  mutual will                  vudife - offer

w   (interrogation)              wabek - ask

y   (affirmation)                yum - must

za  number                       zac - two, zakic - doubly

ze  collective number            zedac - crowd

zi  re-, again                   zibec - repeat

zo  printed list                 zobac - catalog

zu  continuance                  zubolo - established
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